بررسی اثر عصاره متانولی پگانوم هارمالا و هارمین بر آسیب بافتی ناشی از دیابت در کلیه رتهای نر نژاد ویستار

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

2 استاد، گروه علوم جانوری، دانشکده علوم زیستی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه علوم جانوری، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد قم، قم، ایران

4 استاد، گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: از عوارض خطرناک دیابت، نفروپاتی دیابتی است که شیوع نسبتاً بالایی در بیماران دیابتی داشته و باعث نارسایی کلیه می شود. بررسی روند تخریب و مکانیسم‌‌های جلوگیری‌‌کننده از آن در جهت کاهش آسیب‌‌های بافتی مخصوصا با تیمار توسط گیاهان می تواند موضوع قابل تاملی باشد .
مواد و روش‌ها: در این تحقیق اسپند با نام علمیPeganum harmala ، گیاهی از خانواده Zygophyllaceae  و ماده موثره آن به نام هارمین در آسیب کلیوی ناشی از دیابت، بر روی 80 راس رت نر نژاد ویستار در گروه‌‌های تجربی و دیابتی تحت تیمار با عصاره متانولی دانه و برگ پگانوم هارمالا و نیز هارمین صورت گرفت. پس از انجام مراحل فیکس و پاساژ بافتی، لام‌‌های میکروسکوپی تهیه شده و مطالعه گردید.
یافته‌ها: در بررسی‌‌های بافتی چهار فاکتور تغییرات اپی تلیالی، تخریب توبولی، التهاب لوکوسیتی و گرفتگی مویرگی در کلیه بررسی و مشخص شد، گروه رت دیابتی دریافت‌‌کننده هارمین و گروه رت دیابتی دریافت‌‌کننده عصاره دانه دچار تخریب و آسیب‌دیدگی کمتری شده است در حالی که در گروه رت دیابتی دریافت‌‌کننده عصاره برگ این آسیب‌‌ها بالاتر بود و جالب توجه بود که درگروه‌‌های تجربی هیچ اختلافی با گروه کنترل مثبت مشاهده نگردید.
نتیجه‌گیری: طبق نتایج بافتی در تحقیق ما عصاره دانه و هارمین این توانایی را دارد که جلوی آسیب بافتی ناشی از دیابت را بگیرد که این را می‌توان به آلکالوئید هارمین موجود در دانه نسبت داد.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study effect of methanolic extract of Peganum Harmala and Harmine on Kidney tissue damage of diabetes mellitus in male Wistar rats

نویسندگان [English]

  • Forough Kajbaf 1
  • Shahrbanoo Oryan 2
  • Ramesh Ahmadi 3
  • Akram Eidi 4
1 Phd. Student, Department of Biology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran,Iran
2 Professor, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Qom Branch, Qom, Iran
4 Professor, Department of Biology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The dangerous side effects of diabetes are diabetic nephropathy, which has a relatively high prevalence in diabetic patients and causes renal failure. Investigating the process of destruction and the mechanisms that prevent it, in order to reduce the tissue damage, especially with the treatment of plants, can be a significant issue.
Material and methods: In this research, Espand with scientific name of Peganum harmala, a plant of the Zygophyllaceae family and its effective substance called harmine in diabetes-induced renal injury, were studied on 80 male Wistar rats in experimental and diabetic groups. Rats were treated with methanolic extract of seeds and leaves of Peganum Harmala and Harmine. After tissue passage and fixation, Microscopic slides were prepared and studied. In tissue studies, four factors of epithelial changes, tubular destruction, leukocyte inflammation and capillary obstruction were detected in the kidneys.
Results: The diabetic rat group received harmine and the diabetic rats receiving the extract of the seed were less damaged, while in the diabetic rats recieveing the leaf extract these lesions was higher and it was interesting to note that there was no difference in the experimental groups with the positive control group.
Conclusion: According to the tissue results in our study, seed extract and harmine have the ability to prevent tissue damage caused by diabetes, which can be attributed to the harmine alkaloid in the seed.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Methanolic extract of Peganum harmala
  • Harmine
  • kidney
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