عنوان مقاله [English]
Background: Urinary tract infection is one of the most commonly reported nosocomial infections caused by Escherichia coli bacteria. This bacterium is located in the urinary tract epithelium and can cause inflammation of the urethra and inflammation of the ureter, bladder and kidney. This bacterium has the ability to form a biofilm. It is resistant to the third generation of antibiotics, which has become a complex problem in the medical community.
Materials and Methods: 100 urine samples from patients with UTI were collected at Qom hospitals level and their antibiotic resistance was evaluated using Kirby-Bauer method. The hybrid disc method was used to determine the isolates of broad-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs).
Results: Out of 100 samples with common biochemical tests, 75 samples were identified as E.coli E.p. The results showed that Escherichia coli euroopatogen had the highest antibiotic resistance to gentamicin 93% and about 60% of the samples were ESBL.
Conclusion: Considering the antibiotic resistance of isolated bacteria from the urinary system and the presence of strains resistant to antibiotics in broad-spectrum beta-lactamases, it is necessary to increase the level of information of the individuals in society as against the release of such bacteria Did something.
Keyword: Escherichia coli europathogen, ESBL, Urinary tract infection