عنوان مقاله [English]
Chamomile is one of the most important drugs known to man and one of the most widely used as medicinal plants in Europe, the Middle East, North America, Australia and African.
It is cultivated mainly in order to use its blue essential oils.
Due to its increasing use in Pharmaceutical industry, cosmetics, perfumery and flavoring food preparation is very important.
In this study, the seed oil of Matricaria urea L. were purchased from the company of Pakan Bazr Isfahan, ground and then were extracted by soxhlet apparatus. The obtained sample oil was concentrated by rotary device and then, the fatty acids of obtained oil were changed into ester by esterification method. Then the sample diluted and analyzed by GC / MS qualitatively and quantitatively. Of the 66 isolated compounds 22 compounds containing 91.7% of oil were identified. The main components were 8, 11-Octadecadienoic acid, methyl ester (53%) and n-Decane (15.8%).