عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Hyssopus officinalis L. is an important medicinal plant grows in central and southern Europe, western Asia, North Africa and Iran in jungles of Mazandaran and Gilan and height of Alborz and Semnan.
Extraction is the first basic step in the research of medicinal plants and preparation of the extracts of the plant is the starting point for the separation and purification of chemical components.
In this study, the essential oils composition of aerial parts of Hyssopus officinalis L. extracted by two methods, hydrodistillation and microwave. Chemical composition of essential oils obtained from Hyssopus officinalis L. were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).
31 compounds obtained in essential oil of Hyssopu sofficinalis by hydrodistilled method and 36 compounds in microwave method.
It was found that hyssop essential oil in hydrodistilled method contained cis-Pinocamphone (45.32%), trans-Pinocamphone (18.00%), β-pinene (10.24%) and elemol (3.87) as major components and in microwave method, contained cis-Pinocamphone (63.48%), elemol (6.67%), ortho-Menthatriene (5.55%) and bicyclogermacrene(4.43%) as major components.